The most obvious difference, of course, is the monotheism of the Hebrew religion. The early Mesopotamian religions, like almost all mythologies, portrayed the actions of nature as those of gods and goddesses. These were brought into being by four creator gods, who were in turn created by Taimat and
Each had its own distinct views on the social, political, and religious aspects; however, there were many similarities as well. Through this essay, I will illustrate the differences, as well as the similarities of the fascinating early civilizations of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt.
It rose upon the banks of the Tigris-Euphrates River, formed by a tribe known as the Sumerians. They were a collection of agriculturally based communities, which coordinated strongly to ease the hardship of farming.
Besides Mesopotamia, another civilization arose in northeastern Africa, along the Nile River. Egyptian civilization, formed by B. Because its values and its tightly knit political organization encouraged monumental building, we know more about Egypt than about Mesopotamia, even though the latter was in most respects more important and richer in subsequent heritage.
The development of two great early civilizations in the Middle East and North Africa encourages a first effort at comparative analysis. Because of different geography, different degrees of exposure to outside invasion and influence, and different prior beliefs, Egypt and Mesopotamia were in contrast to one another in many ways.
Egypt emphasized strong central authority, while Mesopotamian politics shifted more frequently over a substructure of regional city-states.
Mesopotamian art focused on less monumental structures, while embracing a definite literary element that Egyptian art needed.
These cultural differences can be explained partly by geography: Mesopotamians lacked access to the great stones that Egyptians could import for their monuments. The differences also owed something to different politics, for Egyptian ability to organize masses of laborers followed from its centralized government structures and strong bureaucracy.
The differences owed something, finally, to different beliefs, for the Mesopotamians lacked the Egyptian concern for preparations for the afterlife, which so motivated the great tombs and pyramids that have made Egypt and some of the pharaohs live on in human memory.
Both societies traded extensively, but there was a difference in economic manner. Mesopotamia was more productive of technological improvements, because their environment was more difficult to manage than the Nile valley.
Trade contacts were more extensive, and the Mesopotamians gave attention to a merchant class and commercial law. Social differences were less obvious because it is difficult to obtain information on daily life for early civilizations. Egyptians paid great respect to women at least in the upper classes, in part because marriage alliances were vital to the preservation and stability of the monarchy.
Also, Egyptian religion included more pronounced deference to goddesses as sources of creativity. Comparisons in politics, culture, economics, and society suggest civilizations that varied substantially because of largely separate origins and environments. The distinction in overall tone was striking, with Egypt being more stable and cheerful than Mesopotamia not only in beliefs about gods and the afterlife but in the colorful and lively pictures the EgyptiansMore about Similarities and Differences Between Ancient Greek and Byzantine Art The Similarities between: The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Civilization Words | 3 Pages.
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The Egyptian civilization, based in the eastern part of North Africa, is believed to have started around BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC. saved Greece and Greek culture from Persian domination. Ruler of the Persian empire who crushed an Ionian revolt in B.C.
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