Conversely, it is possible to fall ill despite living a life of unruffled stability. The Healing Mind Since the dawn of civilization, mental illness has fascinated us. In ancient times, unusual and bizarre behaviors were thought to be caused by gods. Other societies believed that these behaviors were due to possession by incubi and demons.
Terminology[ edit ] Alcohol-related dementia is a broad term currently preferred among medical professionals. ARD patients often have symptoms of both forms, i. ARD may occur with other forms of dementia mixed dementia.
The diagnosis of ARD is widely recognized but rarely applied, due to a lack of specific diagnostic criteria. On many non-medical websites, the terms wet brain and alcohol-related dementia are often used interchangeably, creating significant confusion.
Additionally, the term alcohol-induced persistent dementia is another nonspecific name that is sometimes used. Signs and symptoms[ edit ] Alcohol-related dementia presents as a global deterioration in intellectual function with memory not being specifically affected, but it may occur with other forms of dementia, resulting in a wide range of symptoms.
Other types of alcohol-related dementia such as Korsakoff's Syndrome cause the destruction of certain areas of the brain, where changes in memory, primarily a loss of short-term memory,  are the main symptom. Most presentations of alcohol dementia are somewhere along the spectrum between a global dementia and Korsakoff's psychosisand may include symptoms of both.
Heavy alcohol abuse also damages the nerves in arms and legs, i.
These patients frequently have problems with sensation in their extremities and may demonstrate unsteadiness on their feet. Patients with alcoholic dementia often develop apathy, related to frontal lobe damage, that may mimic depression. Pathophysiology[ edit ] Alcohol has a direct effect on brain cells in the front part of the brain, resulting in poor judgment, difficulty making decisions, and lack of insight.
Long-term alcohol abuse can often lead to poor nutrition problems causing parts of the brain to be damaged by vitamin deficiencies. These problems could also cause personality changes in some people.
There are very few qualitative differences between alcohol dementia and Alzheimer's disease and it is therefore difficult to distinguish between the two. However the biggest indicator is friends or family members reporting changes in personality.
The test requires 15—20 minutes to administer and is available in mental health centers. The development of multiple cognitive deficits manifested by both: Memory impairment impaired ability to learn new information or to recall previously learned information One or more of the following cognitive disturbances: The cognitive deficits in criteria A1 and A2 each cause significant impairment in social or occupational functioning and represent a significant decline from a previous level of functioning.
The deficits do not occur exclusively during the course of a delirium and persist beyond the usual duration of substance intoxication or withdrawal.
There is evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings that deficits are etiologically related to the persisting effects of substance use e.A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time.
ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation.
An elderly male with dementia was admitted for increasing aggression and agitation. He was initially treated with risperidone, citalopram, and memantine, as well as nonpharmacological interventions such as behavioral approaches, environmental modifications, and maintaining sleep . Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a progressive disease involving abnormal deposits of a protein called alpha-synuclein in the brain. The deposits are called Lewy bodies and are named after Friedrich H. An elderly male with dementia was admitted for increasing aggression and agitation. He was initially treated with risperidone, citalopram, and memantine, as well as nonpharmacological interventions such as behavioral approaches, environmental modifications, and maintaining sleep .
Arteries supplying oxygen and nutrients to the brain are often damaged or deformed in these disorders. The most common presentation of cerebrovascular disease is an ischemic stroke or mini-stroke and sometimes a hemorrhagic stroke.
Take Our Survey! Circadian Sleep Disorders Network has launched its PATIENT POWERED REGISTRY AND SURVEY for people with Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders. The registry is open to anyone with a circadian rhythm sleep disorder from any country. The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Cognitive impairment.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms. Other symptoms or medical conditions that may need to be considered for a more precise consideration of cognitive symptoms. Take Our Survey! Circadian Sleep Disorders Network has launched its PATIENT POWERED REGISTRY AND SURVEY for people with Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders.
The registry is open to anyone with a circadian rhythm sleep disorder from any country. Yahoo Lifestyle is your source for style, beauty, and wellness, including health, inspiring stories, and the latest fashion trends.