The primary colonial powers in Southeast Asia, depending on how you define Southeast Asia, include:
Indonesia a large island nation with a large population located off the southeast coast of Asia. What is the history of southeast asia? The history of Southeast Asia has been characterized as interaction between regional players and foreign powers.
Though 59 countries currently make up the region, the history of each country is intertwined with all the others. At the same time, opportunities and threats from the east and the west shaped the direction of Southeast Asia. The history of the countries within the region only started to develop independently of each other after European colonialization was at full steam between the 17th and the 20th century.
Evidences suggest that the earliest non-aboriginal Southeast Asians came from southern China and were Austronesian speakers. Contemporary research by anthropologists, linguists Blust, Reid, Ross, Pawleyand archaeologists Bellwood suggests that the inhabitants of the Malay Archipelago migrated from southern China to islands of the Philippines around 2, BCE and later spread to modern day Malaysia and Indonesia.
The earliest population of Southeast Asia was animist before Hinduism and Buddhism were exported from the Indian subcontinent. Islam arrived mostly through Indian Muslims and later dominated much of the archipelago around the 13th century while Christianity came along when European colonization started around the 16th century.
During the classical age, the existence of Southeast Asia had been known to the Greeks. Labadius was probably a corruption of Sanskrit Yavadvipa which refers to the same island. An ancient Hindu text may have earlier referred to Southeast Asia as Suvarnabhumi which means land of gold.
The region has been an important source of spices and this was one of the reasons European explorers were attracted to the Far East. During the colonization period, states of the region became important assets to the British, the Dutch and the French. During the s, Southeast Asia emerged as the fastest growing economy in the world.
Its successes have caused some to call Southeast Asia an economic miracle and Singapore one of the "Four Asian Tigers". Archaeologists have found stone tools in Malaysia which have been dated to be 1. Sometime around the Pleistocene period, the Sunda Shelf was flooded as thawing occurred and thus revealing current geographical features.
Recently discovered was a species of human, dubbed "Flores Man" Homo floresiensisa miniature hominid that grew only three feet tall. Flores Man seems to have shared some islands with Java Man until only 10, years ago, when they became extinct. The oldest human settlement in Malaysia has been discovered in Niah Caves.
The human remains found there have been dated back to 40, BC. Another remain dated back to 9, BC dubbed the "Perak Man" and tools as old as 75, years have been discovered in Lenggong, Malaysia. Before agriculture, hunting and gathering sufficed to provide food.
The chicken and pig were domesticated here, millennia ago. So much food was available that people could gain status by giving food away in feasts and festivals, where all could eat their fill. These big men Malay: These individual acts of generosity or kindness are remembered by the people in their oral histories, which serves to provide credit in more dire times.
These customs ranged throughout Southeast Asia, stretching, for example, to the island of New Guinea. The agricultural technology was exploited after population pressures increased to the point that systematic intensive farming was required for mere survival, say of yams in Papua or rice in Indonesia.
Rice paddies are well-suited for the monsoons of Southeast Asia.
The rice paddies of Southeast Asia have existed for millennia, with evidence for their existence coeval with the rise of agriculture in other parts of the globe. Yam cultivation in Papua, for example, consists of placing the tubers in prepared ground, heaping vegetation on them, waiting for them to propagate, and harvesting them.
This work sequence is still performed by the women in the traditional societies of Southeast Asia; the men might perform the heavier duties of preparing the ground, or of fencing the area to prevent predation by pigs. From Burma around 1, BC, the Mon and ancestors of the Khmer people started to move in while the Tai people later came from southern China to reside in the mainland in the first millennium AD.
By around the 5th century BC, people of the Dong Son culture, who lived in what is now Vietnam, had mastered basic metal working.
Their works are the earliest known metal object to be found by archeologists in Southeast Asia. The communities in the region evolved to form complex cultures with varying degrees of influence from India and China. The ancient kingdoms can be grouped into two distinct categories.East Timor is a former Portuguese colony in Southeast Asia The national tuberculosis program was considered to be working well in annexed by Indonesia in It is a .
South East Asia and in Far East Asia. List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions. Chronology of the Portuguese Colonies, Portuguese forts. Don't Miss. The Portuguese rule in Timor was reduced to Dili, Batugadé and Manatuto till the end of the 19th century.
There was only a nominal submission to the Portuguese Crown by the small. Ethiopia - Itm Scandinabian Impression, Dokyniels LAN, Trio Montmart, Nils Dorkey Trio The Three Little Pigs, Moira Butterfield At School, James Nixon Tricks, Scams and Practical Jokes, Geoff Tibballs Working Indie - The .
Dec 17, · The Discovery of Timor. the genesis of the Solor-Timor Colony Established as a Royal monopoly, the Solor voyages and the sandal trade ineluctably welded Solor and Timor into a Portuguese-dominated East Asian maritime trading network.
The boom years, , identified by Reid in his magisterial study on archipelagian. Portuguese Timor was the name of East Timor when it was under Portuguese control between and During most of this period, Portugal shared the island of Timor with the Dutch East Indies. The first Europeans to arrive in the region were the Portuguese in Dominican friars established a presence on the island in , and the territory was declared a Portuguese colony in Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin