Bringing the Settler Colony Home Book:
This article serves two purposes. At this point in the semester, we are learning about the process of decolonization in Africa. There were many different ways in which this occurred, but they can be grouped by colony The decolonisation of algeria to the amount of violence that was involved and the extent to which Europeans living in the colony influenced the process.
This article describes the process of decolonization in Algeria, a French colony that not only had a large European population, but one that was considered for a long time to be an integral part of its colonial power rather than just a colony. In addition, this article provides the historical background to the novel and movie Bab el Oued by Merzak Allouache.
Allouache is an Algerian filmmaker and his book is an adaptation of the screenplay for his film, which covers an episode in Algerian history in the late s. By that time, armed resistance had begun against the successors to the government "won" independence.
This article explains the most important concepts and symbols that were important to Algerian revolutionaries in the s. The Atlas Mountains divide it into two major regions: All of the major towns are located along the coast including, from west to east, Oran, Algiers the capitalConstantine and Annaba.
South of the mountains, the largest towns are all oases like Ghardaia, El Meniaa formerly called El Golea and Tamanrasset. There are also some substantial towns in the oil-producing region like Hassi Messaoud. Algeria has extensive deposits of oil and natural gas along its eastern border and there are exploitable deposits of iron near Tindouf and coal along the Moroccan border near Oujda.
Since then, Romans, Vandals, Ummayyids, Abbassids, and Fatimids all controlled the coast at different periods, and by the s, the ports were brought under the nominal control of the Ottoman Empire.
The Ottoman government was represented by officials in Oran and Algiers who received protection from Ottoman military garrisons. By the 19th century, Morocco became independent of Ottoman rule under its own sultan. The rest of the North African port cities were ruled by Ottoman deys who faced fairly constant opposition from Berber chiefs who controlled the inland regions.
During the Napoleonic Wars, Algiers and the other cities of what the Europeans referred to as the "Barbary Coast" sheltered pirates who launched attacks against European ships. One of the minor results of the Treaty of Vienna in was an agreement between the major European powers to punish the Barbary cities in an effort to stop piracy.
The piracy stopped, but relations remained very tense. Inthe French king used a minor incident to justify an invasion of Algiers on July 5 which quickly captured the city but did nothing to reduce resistance by Berbers from the interior.
France fought two wars against forces led by the Berber leader Abd al-Kader of Mascara southeast of Oran in and without either side prevailing. During a third war with Abd al-Kader inthe French resorted to terror tactics, filling in desert wells and destroying farms.
The Moroccan sultan allowed al-Kader to hide in Morocco, so the French invaded Morocco in where they captured al-Kader. The Moroccan sultan, as the leader of an independent country, was angered by the invasion and other European powers supported his demands for compensation.
In the end, the French signed the Treaty of Tangier on September 10, and recognized Moroccan independence. The border was left undefined further inland, laying the basis for many further border disputes.
Although Kader was defeated, Berber uprisings continued in central Algeria to the s until the French occupied the oasis of El Golea modern name: El Meniaa in Resistance continued deeper in the desert, and resulted in the complete destruction of a railroad surveying mission the Flatters Expedition in The last resistance ended in the desert inin the region of Mali north of Timbuktu.
One byproduct was the creation of a system of fortified French posts in the interior, staffed by soldiers of the Foreign Legion, with their headquarters at Colomb Bechar located west of Ghardaia.
In the colonial period, government policy focused on encouraging French settlement in the Algerian coastal plain and, to a lesser extent, modernizing the Muslim population. As late asthe goal of French policy was to integrate Algeria into the French nation as a province just like Brittany, Corsica, Savoy, or Alsace.
Can you think of a similar situation in U. During the late s and into the Depression, Algeria remained calm and the main thing that brought it to world attention was a series of successful trips across the Sahara Desert by automobile.
Internally, an Algerian nationalist movement developed under the leadership of Amir Khaled al-Kader, a descendant of Abdul al-Kader, but other leaders like Sheikh Ben Badis believed that Algerians had to accept French "guardianship" for the time being.
Meanwhile, a significant population of Algerians migrated to France to find work. During World War II, the French Third Republic was overthrown and its replacement, the Vichy government, proved very unpopular among Algerians, since it increased taxes to pay for the war effort and supported racial policies that favored people of French ancestry.OVERARCHING THEMES HISTORIAN ALGERIA KENYA A.
G. HOPKINS “Decolonization is a process of globalization” The outbreak of the Cold War and the intensification of the process of decolonization gave the Algerians power to fight their colonizers as France had just law the First Indo-China War and Fascism was being compared to Imperialism.
The Decolonization of Algeria Timeline created by ks In History. Jan 27, Algeria recognized as a part of France This meant the process of colonizartion was progressing and Algeria became more French.
For example, in November of this year, French citizens were allowed to permanently move to Algeria only furthering the . By looking at the decolonisation of Algeria through the repatriation of the settler colony, Choi’s work adds to the increasing interest amongst historians to look beyond the official interpretation of decolonisation as an equivalent to ‘flag independence’ and instead consider the continuities and discontinuities across the colonial and post-colonial periods.
The Invention of Decolonization. In this account of the Algerian War's effect on French political structures and notions of national identity, Todd Shepard asserts that the separation of Algeria from France was truly a revolutionary event with lasting consequences for French social. 54 rows · The decolonisation of Africa took place in the mid-to-late s, very suddenly , with little preparation .
There was widespread unrest and organised revolts in both Northern and sub-Saharan colonies, especially in French Algeria, Portuguese Angola, the Belgian Congo and British Kenya. Algerian War الثورة الجزائرية Tagrawla Tadzayrit Guerre d'Algérie; Part of the Cold War and the decolonisation of Africa: Collage of the French war in Algeria.